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Science teaching at Castle Cary Primary School aims to give all children a strong understanding of the world around them. By acquiring specific skills and knowledge children think scientifically and gain an understanding of scientific processes. This will support their understanding of the uses and implications of Science today and for the future. Children develop and use a range of skills including observation, planning and investigating. They question the world around them to become independent learners to explore possible answers for their scientific based questions.


Science starts from the very beginning of EYFS as children are actively encouraged to explore the world around them, within the classroom and beyond! Observation and use of senses are key skills developed within the early stages in order to inspire curiosity about the natural world around them. Further investigative skills are then carefully planned in to develop throughout the year. Developing children’s scientific vocabulary is prioritised and is interwoven throughout the whole learning journey.

In KS1 and KS2 a range of approaches are used to deliver science lessons from practical hands on sessions to then placing this within the context of theory and knowledge.  Investigations and enquiry skills are embedded throughout the teaching sequences and include skills such as planning, predicting, investigation, observing, recording, analysing and evaluating.  Where relevant, educational visits and visitors are used to enhance children’s learning.

Although most science lessons are taught as discrete science sessions, science often forms part of a wider learning experience in order to give it further purpose and context. Some units taught in Key Stage One are then studied again in further detail as the children move through the school. This model allows children to build upon their prior knowledge and skills whilst helping them to embed learning into their long term memory. The skills, knowledge and vocabulary taught within the units are progressive as the children develop and deepen their understanding.


Children at Castle Cary School will…

  • Be confident scientific learners who have the skills and knowledge to carry out a range of scientific enquiry and answer scientific questions
  • Have a passionate and enthusiastic attitude towards science and can make links between their class based work and the real world
  • Be well equipped for the next stage in their educational journey
  • Have a good understanding of a wide range of scientific vocabulary 

Further Information:

Progression of skills in Science

Progression of knowledge in Science